You actually don’t need very much equipment at all to brew beer!
It’s incredibly basic when you break the brewing process down, and you could feasibly brew beer with things you have in your kitchen right this very moment. The reason people buy brewing kits is because they contain small additional equipment that makes the entire much easier to perform, and everything is sized appropriately for a smaller batch of beer.
The two main components of brewing are the boil and the fermentation stage.
Boiling combines the ingredients with water and heat, causing everything to steep which allows the flavors and sugars to become trapped in the water. To perform this, all you really need is a cooking pot of some sort. Generally you’ll want to go with a larger cooking pot so you can brew more beer with the same amount of time and effort. Either a 5, 8, or 10 gallon pot will do the trick.
The next major part of brewing is the fermentation stage.
This is where you add yeast to the boiled mixture after it cools down, allowing the sugars to be digested. When yeast digests sugar, it produces ethanol – which is the alcohol in beer that gets you drunk!
Of course, this sounds very simple, and truthfully it is. The hard part is actually pulling it all off without contaminating the beer.
You’ll need to use sanitizer, tubing, and other handling equipment to transport the mixture into the fermentation container. After fermentation, you’ll need equipment to mix the fermented liquid with corn sugar so it can be bottled, producing carbonation inside after a couple weeks.
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